THE BIRTH OF THE ROSE IN ISPARTA
The Oil rose ROSE DAMASCENA (The flowers are renowned for their fine fragrance, and are commercially harvested for rose oil used in perfumery and to make rose water. They may be used to flavor food, as a garnish, as a herbal tea.) and is the most favored rose for producing rose oil and rose water. It has been produced in Turkey’s Mediterranean region in ISPARTA, the land of ROSES for over 100 years.
After the war between Russia and the Ottoman’s in 1877-1878 Turkish people had to leave Bulgaria leaving behind their rose gardens and rose oil plants. The people tried to cultivate roses in some parts of Anatolia. However only the region of Isparta has the perfect weather and soil conditions. In 1888 Müftüzade İsmail Efendi began the rose cultivation in Isparta, Turkey.
WHY Isparta rose is the best,
The Isparta region, has an ideal climate and soil conditions for oil rose. In the Isparta region, from 1929 to the present climate data has been carefully studied; The average annual temperature of 53.5 °F, the average annual rainfall is 643 mm, average humidity of 61 %, the average annual number of clear days is 122 & the average daily sunshine duration is 7.5 hours. The flowering season ( May-June ) period is 8.5-10.5 hours of sun per day, the average monthly temperature is 59-68 °F, the average monthly rainfall is 45-30 kg/m2 and the average monthly air relative humidity is between 50-60 %.*
The soil properties of Isparta are sandy, deep and well drained with soil containing sufficient organic matter, with a pH level 6-7. *
*Oil rose and Rose in Isparta” Dr. Hasan Gürbüz, Dr. Soner Kazaz, 2013.